Chersonese (//) is a name that was given to several different places in ancient times. The word is Latin; it derives from the Greek term for "peninsula", χερσόνησος chersonēsos, from χέρσος chersos ("dry land") + νῆσος nēsos (island).
It was applied to a number of peninsular localities in the ancient world. These included:
- Chersonesos Taurica, ancient Greek colony located in the land of Tauri (today, in the city of Sevastopol, Crimea); also known as Chersonesos Taurica it was referred to the Crimean peninsula
- Thracian Chersonese ancient Greek colony located in the land of Thracians (today in Gallipoli); also known as Chersonesus Thracica, ancient name for the Gallipoli Peninsula
- Chersonesus Aurea, or Golden Chersonese, ancient name for the Malay Peninsula, described by Ptolemy circa 150 AD
- Chersonesus Cimbrica or Cimbrian Chersonese, ancient name for Jutland
- Syrian Chersonese, referred to by Plutarch, believed to have been situated in a bend of the Orontes river in the neighbourhood of Antioch
- Delmarva Peninsula, referred to by King Charles I of England in the 1632 Charter of Maryland as the "Chersonese"