Mae Questel

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Mae Questel
Mae Questel.jpg
Questel in 1930
Born
Mae Kwestel

(1908-09-13)September 13, 1908
DiedJanuary 4, 1998(1998-01-04) (aged 89)
New York City, U.S.
Alma materColumbia University
Occupation
  • Actress
  • artist
  • impersonator
  • singer
  • vaudevillian
Years active1930–1997
Known forVoice of Betty Boop and Olive Oyl
Notable work
Betty Boop
Popeye the Sailor
Political partyDemocrat
Spouse(s)Leo Balkin (m. 1928–?; divorced)
Jack E. Shelby (m. 1970–1996; his death)
Children2

Mae Questel /ˈm ˌkwɛˈstɛl/ (born Mae Kwestel, September 13, 1908 – January 4, 1998) was an American actress. She was best known for providing the voices for the animated characters Betty Boop (from 1931) and Olive Oyl (from 1933). She began in vaudeville, primarily as an artist impersonator and played occasional small roles on Broadway and in films and television, later in her career, such as the role of Aunt Bethany in National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation (1989).

Early career and Betty Boop[edit]

Born Mae Kwestel in the Bronx, New York City, to Simon and Freida (née Glauberman) Kwestel, she attended Morris High School and studied acting at the American Theatre Wing and with the Theatre Guild.[1] Although she wanted to be an entertainer, her parents, who were Orthodox Jews, actively discouraged her from doing so, at one point forcing her to leave the Theatre Guild school.

Nevertheless, at the age of 17 Questel won a talent contest held at the RKO Fordham Theatre in the Bronx by imitating actress and singer Helen Kane. She was signed by an agent and began performing in vaudeville as an impersonator. Billed as "Mae Questel – Personality Singer of Personality Songs," she did Fanny Brice, Marlene Dietrich, Eddie Cantor, Mae West, Maurice Chevalier and others, as well as doing animal imitations.[1] She was seen by animator Max Fleischer, who was looking for an actress to provide the voice for his Betty Boop character. Questel's "Boop-boop-a-doop" routine, done in a style similar to the version Helen Kane created, while at the same time evoking something of the naughty allure of film star Clara Bow, was exactly what Fleischer wanted, and he hired Questel in 1931.[1] She began as one of a number of actresses providing the character's voice, but soon took over the role exclusively.[2]

From 1931 until 1939, Questel provided the voice of Betty Boop in more than 150 animated shorts, the longest run for any actress doing that voice. During the 1930s, she released a recording of "On the Good Ship Lollipop" which sold more than two million copies. In 1988, she reprised her role as Betty Boop in a cameo appearance in Who Framed Roger Rabbit, which was Questel's most extensive work for Disney; she had provided brief additional voices for some of Disney's earlier films. Along with her voice work, and occasional on-camera appearance in Paramount shorts, Questel also attended Columbia University,[1] where she studied drama.

Olive Oyl[edit]

Beginning in 1933,[1] Questel provided the voice for Olive Oyl in the Max Fleischer Popeye cartoons. She made her debut with "I Eats Me Spinach" and essentially became the permanent voice until her hiatus to start a family in 1938. She based Olive's nasal vocal quality and expression, "Oh, dear!" on the character actress ZaSu Pitts and ultimately played the role for 20 years.

Starting in 1938, Margie Hines, who was the original voice of Betty Boop replaced Mae Questel when production made the transition to the Miami Studio, Florida. Questel returned as the voice of Olive Oyl in 1944 after the studio re-organized as Famous Studios, Paramount Pictures and had returned to New York, a role in which she would remain in until 1962. She also filled in for Jack Mercer as the voice of Popeye for a small number of cartoons, made when Mercer was temporarily drawn into war service, alongside Floyd Buckley and Harry Foster Welch.[2][3][4]

When Hanna-Barbera began making the All New Popeye cartoons for television in 1978, Questel auditioned for the role of Olive Oyl but lost out to Marilyn Schreffler.[5]

Other voices[edit]

In addition to her signature voices of Betty Boop and Olive Oyl, Questel also provided the voice of Little Audrey.[1] In 1958, she voiced Wendy the Good Little Witch in the theatrical Casper cartoon short Which is Witch. In the 1950s, she was the voice for the title character of the pioneering interactive Saturday-morning cartoon series Winky Dink and You. She provided the voice of Casper, the Friendly Ghost in Golden Records' Casper the Friendly Ghost and Little Audrey Says in 1962.[6]

In The Flintstones series she voiced characters from the spin-offs The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show, The Flintstone Comedy Hour and the Flintstone Frolics. She voiced Wiggy Rockstone after the original voice actress, Gay Autterson, left the role in 1982.

She continued to provide the voices of Betty Boop and Olive Oyl in commercials, television specials and elsewhere for the rest of her life. In 1988, she reprised her role as Betty Boop in the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit.[7]

In 1935, Mae Questel played the voice of the Woman in the Shoe in the Max Fleischer cartoon, The Kids in the Shoe.

On-camera roles[edit]

Questel played a number of small parts, including appearing with Rudy Vallee as Betty Boop in the 1931 short Musical Justice (1931)[8] and as a nurse in The Musical Doctor in 1932.

In 1962 she played a Jewish mother in an episode of crime drama Naked City

In 1961, she was seen as a middle-aged bride in Jerry Lewis' It's Only Money,[2] one of Fanny Brice's mother's card-playing friends at the start of the film Funny Girl in 1968, and as the "Jewish Mama from Hell" in New York Stories in 1989 in Woody Allen's segment titled "Oedipus Wrecks";[2] she had earlier sung the song "Chameleon Days" on the soundtrack for Allen's film Zelig in 1983.[1] Her last non-voice appearance was as the elderly Aunt Bethany in 1989's National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation.[9]

In 1973, Questel had a role in the short-lived ABC television sitcom The Corner Bar,[1] but she achieved perhaps her greatest visibility in television commercials, notably playing "Aunt Bluebell" in ads for Scott Towels, but also appeared in spots for Playtex, Folger's Coffee and others. She also appeared on panel shows and in daytime soap operas.[1]

Broadway[edit]

Questel appeared on Broadway four times:[10]

Personal life[edit]

Questel married Leo Balkin on December 22, 1930, and they were divorced prior to 1950. She married Jack E. Shelby on November 19, 1970; they remained married until his death. She had two sons, Robert Balkin (d. 1969) and Richard.[1]

Politics[edit]

Questel was a Democrat who supported Adlai Stevenson's campaign during the 1952 presidential election.[15]

Death[edit]

Questel died on January 4, 1998 from complications related to Alzheimer's disease at the age of 89[16] in her Manhattan apartment. She was buried in New Montefiore Cemetery in West Babylon, New York.[1]

Selected filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k TCM "Biography"
  2. ^ a b c d Erickson, Hal Allmovie: Overview
  3. ^ "Who Is Harry Welch – and Was He Ever The Voice of Popeye?". cartoonresearch.com. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Popeye Records – with the mysterious Harry F. Welch". cartoonresearch.com. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  5. ^ Grandinetti, Fred M. (2004). Popeye : an illustrated cultural history (2nd ed.). Jefferson, NC [u.a.]: McFarland. p. 61. ISBN 9780786416059. In later years, Marilyn Schreffler would provide the voice for Olive Oyl for Hanna-Babera's "All New Popeye" cartoons
  6. ^ "The Sandpipers, Mitch Miller's Orchestra, Mae Questel – Casper the Friendly Ghost and Little Audrey Says (1962, Vinyl)". Discogs. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  7. ^ Pereira, Alyssa; Burton, Lynsi, "30 years of 'National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation': Then and now", San Francisco Chronicle, December 16, 2019, image 33.
  8. ^ Allmovie "Filmography"
  9. ^ Pereira, Alyssa; Burton, Lynsi, "30 years of 'National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation': Then and now", San Francisco Chronicle, December 16, 2019, image 32.
  10. ^ Mae Questel at the Internet Broadway Database
  11. ^ Doctor Social at the Internet Broadway Database
  12. ^ A Majority of One at the Internet Broadway Database
  13. ^ A Majority of One at the Internet Broadway Database
  14. ^ Bajour at the Internet Broadway Database
  15. ^ Motion Picture and Television Magazine, November 1952, p. 33, Ideal Publishers
  16. ^ "Mae Questel: Actress, voice of cartoon characters, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 9, 1998" – via Google News Archive.

Further reading[edit]

  • Taylor, James D. Jr. The Voice of Betty Boop, Mae Questel. New York: Algora Publishing, 2016. ISBN 978-1-62894-204-0

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Voice of Betty Boop
1931–1988
Succeeded by